Posted by Casey_Meraz

Every business that competes in a local market and who competes for the display of localized results in SERPs will likely find the need to conduct a local SEO audit at some point. Whether you’ve hired an SEO in the past or not, the best way to beat the competition is to know where you stand and what you need to fix, and then develop a plan to win based on the competitive landscape.

While this may seem like a daunting task, the good news is that you can do this for your business or your client using this Ultimate Local SEO audit guide.

This guide was created as a complete checklist and will show you what areas you should focus on, what needs to be optimized, and what you need to do to fix any problems you encounter. To make things easier, I have also included many additional resources for further reading on the topics below.

In this guide I am going to cover the top areas we review for clients who either want to know how they can improve or the ones that need a local SEO audit. To make it easier I have included detailed explanations of the topics and an Excel template you can use to conduct the audit.

Also since the Pigeon update, local search has started to weigh organic factors more heavily so I have included them in this audit. However, if after you have read this you’re looking for an even deeper audit for Organic SEO, you should also check out Steve Webb’s article, ”
How to Perform the World’s Greatest SEO Audit.”

Who is this guide for?

This guide is intended for those businesses that already have an existing Google My Business page. It’s also mostly geared towards brick and mortar stores. If you don’t have a public address and you’re a service area business, you can ignore the parts where I mention publishing your physical address. If you don’t have a listing setup already, it’s a little bit harder to audit. That being said, new businesses can use this as a road map.

What we won’t cover

The local algorithm is complicated and ever evolving. Although we can look at considerations such as proximity to similar businesses or driving directions requests, I have decided to not include these since we have limited control over them. This audit mainly covers the items the website owner is in direct control over.

A little background

Being ready and willing to adopt change in online marketing is an important factor in the path of success. Search changes and you have to be ready to change with it. The good news is that if you’re constantly trying to do the right thing while be the least imperfect, your results will only get better with updates.

Some goons will always try to cheat the systems for a quick win, but they will get caught and penalized eventually. However, if you stick with the right path you can sleep easier at night knowing you don’t have to worry about penalties.

But why are audits so important?

At my company we have found through a lot of trial and error that we can provide the best results for our clients when we start a project off with a complete and full understanding of the project as opposed to just bits and pieces. If we have a complete snapshot of their SEO efforts along with their competition we can create a plan that is going to be much more effective and sustainable.

We now live in a world where marketers not only need to be forward thinking with their strategies but they must also evaluate and consider the work done by prior employees and SEOs who have worked on the website in the past. If you don’t know what potential damage has been done, how could you possibly be sure your efforts will help your client long term?

Given the impact and potential severity of penalties, it’s irresponsible to ignore this or participate in activities that can harm the client in the long run. Again, sadly, this is a lesson I have learned the hard way.

What aspects does this local SEO audit cover?

Knowing what to include in your audit is a great first step. We have broken our audit down into several different categories we find to be essential to local SEO success. They are:

1) Google My Business page audit

2) Website & landing page audit

3) Citation analysis

4) Organic link & penalty analysis

5) Review analysis

6) Social analysis

7) Competition analysis

8) Ongoing strategy

Analyzing all of these factors will allow you to develop a strategy with a much better picture of the major problems and what you’re up against as far as the competition is concerned. If you don’t have the full picture with all of the details, then you might uncover more problems later.

Before we get started, a disclaimer

In this guide I am going to try to break things down to make it easy for beginners and advanced users. That being said, it’s a wise idea to seek advice or read more about a topic if you don’t quite understand it. If something is over your head, please don’t hesitate to reach out for clarification. It’s always better to be safe than sorry.

How to use this guide for your local SEO audit

This guide is broken up into two parts including this post and a spreadsheet. The written part that you are reading now will also correspond to
this spreadsheet which will allow you to collect pertinent client intake information, record problems, and serve as an easy reference as to what your ultimate goal is for each of the items.

To use the spreadsheet you can click the link and then go to File > Make A Copy.

The complete
spreadsheet includes five tabs that each serve a different purpose. They are:

Current info –
This tab allows you to record the information the customer submits and compare it against the Google My Business information you find. It also allows you to record your notes for any proposed changes. This will help you when it comes time to report on your findings.

Questions to ask –
These are some basic questions you can ask your clients up front that may save a lot of time in the long run.

Competitor information
– You can use this tab to track your competitors and compare your metrics side by side.

Top 50 citations audit
– This is the list of the top 50 citation sources as provided by Whitespark.

Audit steps
– For the more advanced user I took everything in this long document and condensed it to this easy to use spreadsheet with an audit checklist and some small notes on what you’re checking for.

Get your audit shoes on. Now let’s get started

Step 1: Gather the facts

Whether you’re conducting this audit for a client or your own business it’s important to start off with the right information. If clients fill out this information properly, you can save a lot of time and also help identify major issues right off the bat. Not only can we help identify some of the common local SEO issues like inconsistent NAP with this information, we can also have it recorded in the spreadsheet I mentioned above.

Since this is an audit, the spreadsheet has information to include the current information and a column for proposed changes for the client. Later, these will be used as action items.

The first tab in this spreadsheet has everything we need to get started under the company information tab. This includes all of the basic information we will need to be successful.

This information should be provided by the client up front so that we can compare it to the information already existing on the web.
You can use the audit spreadsheet and enter this under the “Provided Information” column. This will help us identify problems easily as we collect more information.

The basic information we will need to get started will include NAP information and other items. A sample of this can be seen below:

Questions to ask up front

Once we have the basic company information we can also ask some questions. Keep in mind that the goal here is to be the least imperfect. While some of these factors are more important than others, it’s always good to do more and have a better understanding of the potential issues rather than taking shortcuts. Shortcuts will just create more work later.

Feel free to edit the spreadsheet and add more questions to your copy based on your experience.

1) Have you ever been penalized or think you may have been? The client should have a good idea if they were penalized in the past.
2) Have you ever hired anyone to build citations for you? If they hired anyone to build citations for them they should have some documentation which will make the citation audit portion of the audit easier.
3) Have you ever hired an SEO company to work with you? If they hired an SEO in the past it’s important to check any work they completed for accuracy.
4) Have you ever hired anyone to build links for you? If they have hired anyone in the past to build links they will hopefully have documentation you can review. If you see bad links you know you will have your work cut out for you.
5) What are the primary keywords you want to rank for? Knowing what the client wants and developing a strategy based off this is essential to your local SEO success.
6) Have you ever used another business name in the past? Companies that used a different name or that were acquired can lead to NAP inconsistencies.
7) Is your business address a PO Box? PO Boxes and UPS boxes are a no no. It’s good to know this up front before you get started.
8) Is your phone number a land line? Some Local SEOs claim that landlines may provide some benefit. Regardless it’s good to know where the phone number is registered.
9) Do other websites 301 redirect to your website? If other websites redirect to their domain you may need to do an analysis on these domains as well. Specifically for penalty evaluation.
10) Did you ever previously use call tracking numbers? Previously used call tracking numbers can be a nightmare as far as local SEO is concerned. If a client previously used call tracking numbers you will want to search for these when we get to the citation portion of this document. Cleaning up wrong phone numbers, including tracking numbers, in the local ecosystem is essential to your local success.

Local SEO audit phase 1: Google My Business page

The new
Google My Business Dashboard has a lot of useful information. Although I reference the Google Guidelines below, be sure to check them often. Google does change these sometimes and you won’t really get any official notice. This happened rather recently when they started allowing descriptive words in the business name. Keep in mind that if any changes were recently made to your Google My Business page they may not show in the live version. It may take up to three days for these to show in the search results.

Any information collected below should be put in the “Current Info” tab on the spreadsheet under the Google My Business Information. This will also help us identify discrepancies right away when we look at the spreadsheet.

1. Locate the proper Google My Business page we should be working with

We can’t really get started with an audit unless we know the proper page we’re working this. Usually if a client hires you they already have this information.

How to do this: If your client already has a Google My Business login, and log in to their dashboard using the proper credentials. In the back end of the dashboard it should show the businesses associated with this account. Copy this URL and confirm with the business owner that this is the page they intend to use. If it’s not their primary one we will correct this a bit later below.

Goal: We want to find and record the proper Google My Business URL in our Local SEO Audit Spreadsheet.

2. Find and destroy duplicate pages

Duplicate Google My Business listings can be one of the greatest threats to any local SEO campaign.

How to: There are several ways to find possible duplicate pages but I have found the easiest way is to use Google MapMaker. To do this log in to your Google account and visit or From this page you can search the business phone number such as 555-555-5555 or the business names. If you see multiple listings you didn’t know about, a major priority is to record those URLs and delete them.

I personally see a lot of issues when dealing with attorneys where each attorney has their own profile or in the case where an office has moved. There should only be one listing and it should be 100% correct.

You can also read my
previous MOZ article.

Goal: Make sure there are no duplicate listings. Kill any duplicates.

3. Ensure that the local listing is not penalized (IMPORTANT!)

Figuring out Google penalties in the local landscape is not usually a walk in the park. In fact there are a lot of variables to consider and now this is a bigger deal post Pigeon as more organic signals are involved. We will look at other types of penalties later in this guide. Unlike organic penalties Google does not notify businesses of local penalties unless your account is suspended with a big red warning on the back end of your My Business page.

According to Phil Rozek from Local Visibility System “My first must-look-at item is: is the client’s site or Google Places page being penalized, or at risk of getting penalized?”

How to do this:
If your keyword is “Los Angeles personal injury attorney” then you could search for this keyword on Google Maps and Google Search results. If your business listing appears on the maps side in position C for example but then does not appear at all in local search results performing a normal Google Search, then it’s likely there is a penalty in place. Sometimes you see listings that are not suppressed on the maps side but are suppressed on the places side. This is an easy way to take a look.

Do your best to determine that the listing is not penalized. If it is consult a penalty expert for further guidance.

4. Is the Google My Business page associated with an email address on the customer’s domain?

In my experience it’s best practice to have the login information for the business under an email address associated with the domain name. Additionally this ensures that the client has primary control of their listing. As an example if you run and had local listings your Google My Business login should be instead of This helps associate that you are indeed the business owner.

How to:
If someone else owns your Google My Business page you can transfer it to yourself. Read Google’s Transfer Ownership guide.

The Google My Business Login should be on an email address on the customers domain.

5. Is the page verified?

Ensuring your Google My Business page is verified is essential if you want to take full advantage of your business listing. When you log in to your dashboard you will be able to see right away if its verified or not. If it is not yet verified you will want to verify it using the available method. Usually these are by phone or by postcard. Typically the postcard option will take about a week to show up in the mail.

If you have not yet claimed your page you should be able to see this. Once you find the page you can click on the About tab and scroll to the bottom of the page where you will find the heading “Is This Your Business”. From there you can click “Manage this page” and go through the process.

How to:
You can verify your page from the back end of the Google My Business Dashboard.

The page must be claimed & verified.

6. Is the correct business name used?

It’s crucial that the Business Name, Address, and Phone Number are as consistent as possible across the web. Google also now permits a one word descriptor of your business in the name of the business. Make sure you are only using your actual business name.

According to Google’s Guidelines “You should represent your business exactly as it appears in the offline world”. In addition to this they go on to say “you may include a single descriptor that helps customers locate your business or understand what your business offers”. Don’t add keywords just to spam the search results. You will get caught and penalized. Here is the link to their
local business name guidelines where you can read more.

How to:
You can change this from the back end of the Google My Business dashboard once it’s verified. Changing pertinent information may require a re-verification.

Ensure the proper business name is used and not inappropriately keyword stuffed. Add this information to the company information tab on your spreadsheet.

7. Is the correct address used?

This should also be consistent with the US Post Office and should be complete and accurate. According to Google’s guidelines on addresses they should only contain information that is part of your official address. Don’t add cross streets or other information in this section.

Google has a whole page dedicated to
their address guidelines here.

In addition to this you need to know that PO Boxes and UPS Boxes are not allowed. Virtual offices are also a no no. If they don’t have an office there it could lead to a penalty.

Your address should be 100% complete and accurate. Suite numbers should be on address line two. Add this information to the company information tab on the spreadsheet. Make sure that no PO Boxes or UPS boxes are used.

8. Is the correct phone number used?

The local phone number for the corresponding office location should be used. Don’t use an 800 number as the primary number as it’s not best practice. This number should include a local area code.

How to:
This can be changed in the Google My Business dashboard for your listing.

The businesses published main number (not a toll free or tracking number) should be used here. Add this information to the company information tab on the spreadsheet.

9. Proper category association (IMPORTANT!)

Using the correct categories for your business is essential. Custom categories are no longer allowed. You should be using all categories that are allowed for your industry. According to Google’s guidelines you should “Add categories which describe what your business is, and not what it does.”

In addition to this, Darren Shaw from Whitespark says “I think the most important thing in any local SEO audit is getting the categories right on the Google listing. I have seen a listing jump 7 spots just from a simple change of the primary category, and I have seen a listing completely disappear when an unrelated category was accidentally set. You want to make sure your primary category is the one that most closely represents your most important keyword, and you want to be careful to keep the other categories related to the main service(s).”

How to:
This can be changed in the Google My Business dashboard for your listing.

Ensure your primary category your main category. Use all categories that fit in these guidelines.

10. Email address

Under the Contact Information box in the Google My Business dashboard you will find the email address setting. Make sure there is a public email address here where customers can contact you. This email should be on your domain.

How to:
This can be changed in the Google My Business dashboard for your listing.

Make sure this is filled out with a public email address on the client’s domain name.

11. Proper URL

If you have a single location business it would be appropriate to use the home page for your company. However if you have multiple locations then best practice would be to use the landing page for that particular location. Keep in mind that since the Pigeon update it’s also important to weigh organic signals. If you have poor site structure you can also shoot yourself in the foot by doing this if there is no authority passed to your location landing page. This is the Website URL field in the Google My Business Dashboard.

Good URL Examples for landing pages:

The My Business listing should link to the page on your website that provides the best user experience.

12. Introduction description

According to Google’s guidelines you should use this field to “Add a brief description of your business here. This is where you can introduce yourself to your customers and teach them about your business.” Check that this description is also unique content by copying and pasting it into Google.

You should have a non spammy introduction description. This should be unique content and be over 250 words if possible.

13. Profile completeness

Your Google My Business profile should be 100% complete. If it’s not make sure to record the action items to get them taken care of.

The profile marker at the top of the dashboard should show 100% complete

14. Map & search photos

Photos play an important role in the carousel, and if a customer clicks through, they should see an accurate representation of your business in a very professional manner. If this is not the case then it should be fixed by providing better pictures.

Upload the best quality photos. If they suck, identify this as a problem.

15. Business hours

Are the business hours filled out correctly and completely for this location? They should be 100% filled out and accurate.

How to:
These can be added from the Google My Business back end.

Business hours should be filled out and accurate.

16. Posts on G+

Posting to your page is a good way to show that you are active on your page and your business. Posting regularly is an important step that’s often overlooked.

How to:
Post to your Google My Business page.

Make sure the business owner is posting consistently to their page. Preferably they should post at least weekly.

17. Trusted photographer used?

Google has always been looking for ways to validate that a business exists at their posted location. People try to spam the listings and sometimes get away with it. I suspect that not only does this virtual tour help verify your listing on a previously unprecedented level, it also provides a great user experience.

How to:
From the Google My Business page click the “Add Virtual Tour” link. This will take you to the Google Maps business view screen. Learn more about this program here.

You should budget for and schedule a Google Trusted Photographer search.

Local SEO audit phase 2: website and landing page optimization

Having a properly optimized site is more important than ever since the Google Pigeon update. Organic signals are now more tied into the local algorithm and having a properly optimized website will help you outrank your competition.

In your Google My Business dashboard you have the ability to link to a website as we looked at above.

Depending on your site structure and other factors, it may make sense to link to either the home page of your website or a landing page that is designated to that location.

Typically a single location business might have all of the pertinent information we are going to discuss below on their home page. On the other hand, if you have multiple locations it generally makes sense to create a page for each location while also reviewing these factors and considerations. With the steps listed below we are talking about whichever page is associated with your Google My Business account listed above. Therefore in this section we will be auditing this information on your own website.

1. Correct crawlable NAP on landing page

Having the proper NAP is just as important off site as it is on site. We don’t want to ever send mixed signals to Google so if we keep our accuracy in place then we will be setup for long term success.

Common problems to look over

They use a tracking number. This is a big no no unless done with advanced knowledge, extreme preparation, and a working knowledge of this.

If the phone number is in an image it should have the proper corresponding ALT text.

The landing page should have NAP on it that matches your Google My Business profile. If your business hours are located within an image keep in mind that Googlebot will be unable to read it.

2. Site structure

According to Phil Rozek from Local Visibility System this is an important item and I agree. He mentions “Is there a page for every specific service (and location and practitioner, if applicable)? Does the homepage form the nucleus of the site, with a ton of useful detail on the page, and plenty of links to relevant subpages? Is the blog on the same domain? 9 times out of 10 people don’t get the basics right.”

If you are using a landing page for your geographic area, you can optimize your URL structure to accommodate best practices. A good location landing page would be descriptive of your actual physical location. While there are plenty of ways to optimize your landing page I prefer the non spammy result which would be something along the lines of:

This particular optimization item also requires a strong understanding of the site wide URL structure. Don’t just change this URL or take this decision lightly. Instead be sure you have the full picture and keyword map defined before jumping to a conclusion. Here is
another resource.

You should have a solid site structure that meets your long term optimization goals which includes the city and state if possible.

3. Business hours

Consumers who find this page organically or through Google My Business may be looking for your hours. If your business hours are located within an image keep in mind that Googlebot will be unable to read it.

Ensure the customers business days and hours are listed in a crawlable format. These should of course match the business hours on your Google My Business page.

3. Landing page content

Having great content can be difficult at times especially if you have multiple locations. One tip for multiple locations that
Mary Bowling has mentioned is that you can ask local operators to write that content. If you have the person running that location write the content it will ensure you get a different flavor each time. You should try for at least 400 words in my experience although I have seen pages with much less still be successful.

When it comes to content, the importance of this cannot be overlooked. One great resource you should read about landing page content is from Miriam Ellis titled ”
Local Landing Pages: A Guide To Great Implementation In Every Situation.”

How to:
To check and see if the content’s unique I have a couple of different methods. The first would be to do a quick check by copying a couple of sentences or a paragraph at a time and pasting them into a Google search. If other websites come up (and not yours) then there is a major issue that needs to be fixed. You can also used paid services such as Copyscape and Plag Spotter to do checks as well.

Have at least 400 words of unique (not copied) content on this page that is geared towards creating a great user experience. More is better and it should include the city and state.

4. Check and ensure your landing page is indexed

Assuming this page has been there for a while do a quick Google search for the landing page URL. If your landing page is not showing up, you are likely to find major organic issues such as site architecture or penalties.

How to:
Open up a Google Chrome window and switch to Incognito search mode. If you’re not logged in under Google Incognito mode it will give you actual results your potential clients might see. Copy the landing page URL for your business and paste it into Google. If your site shows up in the results the page is indexed.

Your landing page should be indexable and indexed.

5. Landing page meta title tag

The landing page title is an important part for on page optimization. Crafting a perfect landing page title can be a difficult task. Keep in mind that you want to optimize this landing page organically around the business name, keyword, and location including city and state for local SEO. Further reading from Matt Cutts about making a web page for each store location can be found

How to:
You can check this using the MozBar under the page analysis icon.

Landing page meta title should contain the City and state.

6. Meta description

The meta description is the snippet that may show in the search results underneath the title. Google can change this information to whatever they want to based on searcher intent. However it’s still best practice to have one in place to increase clickthrough rates and possible control the results.

How to:
If you use the MozBar it’s easy to find the meta description of the page you’re analyzing by simply clicking the page analysis button. Changing the meta description will be done through your CMS.

The meta description should include the business name, city, state, and local phone number.

7. Heading tags

Having a single H1 tag on your landing page is an essential part of organic SEO. If you can include the city, state, and keyword in a non spammy way go for it.

How to:
You can also easily check for this using the MozBar page analysis feature.

You should only have one H1 tag. It should have the city, state in the tag.

8. Driving directions & embedded map on landing page

Driving directions create a great user experience for someone looking for your business. Having them in a text format as well as an embedded map with landmark pictures is a great way to increase the user experience since it also adds an embeddable map.

How to: Go to the classic Google Maps and grab the embed code after searching for your business here.

Your landing page should have driving directions including an embedded map.

10. Payment information

Having payment information on your website is a great customer resource for your clients. Not only is it a content freebie but having this information may increase conversions. I like to add this into an audit so that people have an expectation and one less question when they call you.

The forms of payment you accept should be visible on your location landing page.

11. Customer reviews on page in Schema / hReview

Having text reviews from clients on your site is a great way to increase consumer confidence for your website. If you plan on putting them on your landing page it’s a good idea to have them in the hReview tag. This structured data tells Google what type of content these are. If it knows they are reviews it will classify them as such. In addition to increasing consumer confidence they can also increase the clickthrough rate by triggering review stars to display in the search results. More clicks = more business for your clients.

How to
: I like it when things are easy. That is why I use to the MicroDataGenerator page found here. You can simply fill out these fields click submit and it will shoot out some HTML you can copy and paste into your website.

You should have at least one written customer testimonials that displays in Schema or hReview.

12. Alt text on landing page

If you have images on your landing page you should have image ALT tags according to best practice. Assuming the image is of the business location an alt tag might be something like “The business name in city state”.

How to:
You can either view the source or hover over images to view the ALT text.

Your ALT text should include the city and state if appropriate.

13. Page authority of landing page

Since Google’s Pigeon update I have seen many instances where having a stronger landing page has helped my clients be more successful in local SERPs.

How to:
You can pull the page authority of your landing page by opening your page in the MozBar. The metric titled “PA” will show you your page authority.

Record the page authority of the landing page. We can use this as a comparative metric later.

14. NAP in hCard /

We already made sure that the NAP should be crawlable on the website. Making sure it’s also in hCard will help Google identify the type of data you are posting. In this case it’s a local business.

How to:
Getting your NAP in Schema can be used by hand coding it or using a generator where you simply input the information. I use the Microdata Generator found here.

Learn more about the hCard microformat.

Have the crawlable in hCard

15. Load time of landing page

Site speed is an important metric when it comes to having a successful website. The crawl budget to assigned to your website can be correlated with site speed. If your site takes too long to load, Google won’t spend as much time on your site. The user will also feel the same way about your website. If it takes too long to load they will bounce. This is a major factor that is mostly overlooked and should never be ignored. You should also make sure to check the load time of the home page and other important pages as well.

How to:
There are many ways to measure your site speed. I like to use
URI Valet and try to get under 3.5 seconds at the 1.5mbps load time. In addition to this Google Analytics will report on your speed from their point of view as well. Review your whole site and also your landing page for any spikes. Try to identify any issues there. If you want to learn how you can fix this and provide recommendations check out Google’s Page Speed Insights.

Here is
another other tool you should check out as well.

As a standard metric I like pages to be under 3-5 seconds at 1.5Mbps load time.

16. KML file on domain name

Although Google does not support KML files, I believe you take a closer step towards perfection by including this information.

How to:
To see if there is a KML file submitted check the Sitemaps in Google Webmaster Tools. If you’re interested in adding one check out
Geo Map Site Generator to create a geo sitemap.

Have a KML file on your domain name with all of your locations. You can reference it through an XML site map.

17. Domain authority of website

Although this is determined by offsite factors, I like to look at it earlier to get a better understanding of where you stand against your competition.

How to:
You can check this by using the Moz Bar. The DA in toolbar stands for Domain Authority.

Have the highest domain authority over your competitors (naturally obtained). Record this number in the spreadsheet so you can compare against your competition.

18. Footer address

Having an address in your footer can be a good thing in my opinion if you have one location. When you have multiple locations and therefore multiple footer addresses you can create data confusion but more importantly you can create content dilution.

How to:
Check this by simply checking the footer of the website.

If you have one location it’s easy and not spammy to include your single location in the footer of every page.

19. Is the content keyword stuffed?

What is keyword stuffing? Keyword stuffing is having too many keywords on your page to the point where they appear unnatural. How many is too many? Too many is too many. If you’re trying to rank for the keyword “Blue Nike Shoes” you might only mention that exact phrase one or twice in your content.

Bad Example: “Welcome to my shoe store where we sell Blue Nike Shoes. Our Blue Nike Shoes are the best Blue Nike Shoes you can buy on the internet.”

If you were naturally writing about Blue Nike Shoes you might introduce them as shoes but after that you would likely just refer to them as shoes or footwear.

about keyword stuffing or irrelevant keywords.

No content should be keyword stuffed.

20. Landing page easily readable by search engines

Having a website that looks cool and is made with Flash is one thing. It’s also a big no no for the search engines. The content on your page should be crawlable.

How to
: One easy trick to do this is to use the select all Edit> Select All. This will highlight everything on the page including all crawlable text. It will show up in blue.

Make sure your important text is not in images. Ensure the page is not all in Flash and that the text is crawlable.

21. Is your site design mobile friendly?

Google representatives have mentioned on more than one occasion that a site which is not mobile friendly may have reduced visibility in the search results. So you need to have a mobile friendly design. I prefer responsive designs because the content will resize properly depending on the type of device you’re on.

Learn more about responsive website designs.

How to:
To check and see if the website is mobile friendly you can pull up the website and the landing page on your mobile device or tablet. You can also check out tools like Browserstack which will show you your website and how it will look in different browsers and sizes.

Ensure your entire website is mobile friendly, preferably through the use of a responsive design.

22. Is your site content mobile friendly?

If you have a mobile site on a separate domain like you need to be sure that the content is not being shown as duplicate content. If you are using a responsive design this is not an issue.This should be reviewed closely. Although Google offers support for items such as canonical tags for duplicate content versions, I have found that Google is imperfect and when you try to make it decide, you open yourself up for more errors.

Run a duplicate content check to make sure the full site and mobile site are not both indexed.

23. WHOIS information review

This is something more out of habit on my side. If the owner of the domain name has opted to not have privacy protection they are required to list the contact name, address, phone number, and email address of the domain owner. I suggest keeping this information public and having it match your main location. Whether it’s used or not I can’t think of a better way of showing that you own the business.

How to:
There are plenty of services out there that allow you to check the WHOIS information. GoDaddy even has a free WHOIS check here.

Check the WHOIS Information and ensure the NAP matches the main location.

24. Google Analytics

Having Google Analytics installed is essential. If your client does not have this installed it will be rather difficult to track problems, traffic changes, conversions, and other important visitor information.

How to:
Check and see if this is installed by using your browsers view page source option. Search for Analytics and see if the tracking code snippet. You can learn more about using Google Analytics here.

Make sure Google Analytics is installed.

25. Google & Bing Webmaster Tools

Google Webmaster Tools provides a lot of useful information. This is where Google will tell you all sorts of useful information including whether or not your site is penalized, if your pages are indexed, and any crawl errors.

How to:
Log in to Google and Bing Webmaster Tools and see if your accounts are set up properly.

Ensure Google Webmaster and Bing Webmaster Tools are configured properly.

Local SEO audit phase 3: citations audit

When it comes to citations,
more does not mean better. Let me say that another way. Better citations will always be more important than more citations from lower quality directories. I cannot stress this enough. Earlier in my local SEO career I made this mistake with clients. If you take the route of wanting the most citations you must do your own extensive due diligence on the impacts this could have long term for your clients. For the most part, if you’ve never heard of it, and it’s easy to get, you should conduct a link analysis on the domain. Many citations also come with a link, some of which are follow links. You can easily undo a lot of good work by adding hundreds or thousands of low quality directories with links.

Again I cannot stress the importance of this enough. Please be careful and ethical in your approach when getting citations.

What is a citation?

In case you don’t know a citation is, a citation is simply the listing of your business name, address, and phone number (or NAP as we call it in the industry) on the web. For example, if I have a Yelp profile it will include my business name, address, and phone number along with other pertinent business information. This is a structured citation as its a sanctioned business directory that provides this information. There are also what we call unstructured citations. Unstructured citations are mentions of your NAP on websites that are not necessarily a business directory. For example if my business was mentioned in my local newspaper they might also include my name, address, and phone number on their online article.

Where did these come from?

Citations may have been created by you, your company, or out of thin air from a phone book listing or something else. There are companies out there that sell this business listing information to other directories and feed them information. These are called data aggregators. It’s essential that your listings are correct with data aggregators. This will ensure that the listings are as correct as possible from the top down.

Are they that important?

Citations have always played a heavy part in the local SEO algorithm although my personal opinion is that this has been reduced post Pigeon. That being said, and even if your opinion differs on this subject, you should not disagree that your business visibility online should be the least imperfect. If you want to provide the best customer and search engine experience, it only makes sense to have a clean citation profile. Another reason for this, which we will talk about later, is reviews. If your business has duplicate listings it won’t only hurt your local SEO rankings, your customers might not find the right listing and therefore leave, or see incorrect information or outdated reviews.

The overall goal of the citation audit

To ensure that you are listed, that there are no duplicates, and that the information is 100% correct on the top 50 citation sources and all of the data aggregators.

Thanks to my friends over at Whitespark, we have been allowed to publish their list of the top 50 citations and I have included them in the spreadsheet. Keep in mind that you also want to search with an iOS device and ensure your business is listed in Apple Maps.

1. Check data aggregators

According to, a data aggregator is “A company that maintains and supplies the underlying business database for local search directories.” In other words, they are the data holders that submit your business information to other directories. The main data aggregators in the United States are Infogroup, Localeze, Acxiom, and Factual.

How to:
One way to get a snapshot of this and fix it is to use the Moz Local platform. For $84 a year you get listed in the top 5 data aggregators. If you did it on your own, it would cost a lot more than that. Read about it and sign up for it here. Signing up for Moz Local can help alleviate some of the data aggregator stress and save you some money from doing it yourself. You can also avoid the embarrassment of how I look below.

Make sure your business is listed correctly without duplicates on the main data aggregators including Infogroup, Localeze, Acxiom, and Factual in the US.

2. Check the top 50 citations

This is where the hard work gets real. Like I mentioned earlier more is not better. Using the list in the provided spreadsheet you should ensure that you are listed 100% consistent without duplicates in the top 50 citation sources. Any problems identified here are a priority to be fixed. In addition to being listed correctly without duplicates you should also make sure they are 100% filled out. Having a complete profile always provides a better user experience.

Click here to view the list of Top 50 Citation Sources provided by Whitespark.

Ensure the top 50 citations for your industry are live, correct, and don’t have duplicates.

3. Identify new high quality citation sources

If your top 50 citations are in order there may still be a few more you might be interested in depending on your industry. Typically a safe bet for everyone is to set a long term goal of unstructured citations or mentions in local and major newspapers and publications. Additionally see what niche sites are available for your type of business.

Some examples include:



If you want to learn more you can